Payroll can get a bit more complex during the silly season, so we’re sharing some special tips in our latest blog – Christmas edition.
This blog discusses common payroll pain points and things you should be aware of leading up to the summer break. We’ll touch on Mondayisation all the way through to how to run your Christmas pay and key things to remember.
We’re going to cover off nine key areas:
- Getting it sorted early
- Closedown periods – what are the rules
- Running your Christmas pay — key things to consider
- Working out how much annual leave a team member will accrue by Christmas
- Bonuses and paying out leave
- Working on a public holiday
- When are banks open to process payments?
- How can SmartPayroll help?
Now it’s time to get into the detail and make sure you and your payroll team are ready this Christmas.
1. Getting it sorted early
Leading up to Christmas is often a busy period and the last thing you want to worry about on Christmas Eve is paying your people! Communicate with your team early and get your Christmas break roster locked in. This way you can organise pay cycles and annual leave. Remember, keep it simple!
You’ll want to ask yourself some of the following questions to help prepare:
- Are we closing down during Christmas and New Years?
- Who’s taking leave? What type of leave are they taking? (e.g. annual leave or leave without pay)
- If you’re open, who’s working and when?
- When are the public holidays? Will anyone be working on those days?
- Do I need to run multiple pays in advance of Christmas?
Once you’ve covered off all these questions, and worked out a plan, then it’s important to let your team know, especially if there’s any changes to the norm.
2. Closedown periods – what are the rules
Closedown periods are common in a lot of workplaces, and differ between industries and organisations. Some organisations opt to closedown, others decide to stay open. What’s important to remember is that if your business has an annual closedown, you need give your people at least 14 days written notice. This is so the appropriate leave arrangements can be put in place and payroll can be submitted and ticked off.
When you closedown, employees will need to do the following:
- take annual leave while your business is closed down, and
- take leave in advance or leave without pay (agreed) if they don’t have enough annual leave available to cover the closedown period.
This is only applicable for employees who are entitled to annual leave. Under the Holidays Act, employees not entitled to annual leave at the time of the closedown must be paid 8% of their gross earnings as at the start of the closedown date and their anniversary date for annual leave reset.
Closedown periods often include public holidays. Remember to pay your team if the public holiday falls on a day they’d usually work. Employment NZ has more useful information and tips about closedown periods and annual leave.
3. Running your Christmas pay — key things to consider
There’s a few things you’ll want to consider when running your Christmas pay:
- Make sure you’re running a regular pay cycle and don’t mix things up. Set it up in advance so you can manage different periods of leave appropriately.
- Ensure the pay period matches the dates your team member is being paid for.
- It’s common to be considering paying your team leave in advance or leave without pay during the Christmas period. Make sure you and your team are aware of the different types of leave available and how they can use them. Things like Leave Without Pay can add extra steps to your payroll.
- Remember, 2020 has been a full-on year, with lots of change, so if you can, be flexible with your people and put all options on the table.
- If it all lines up, then you’re good to go. Hit go!
We’ll also cover off specifics around bonuses, cashing out annual leave, public holidays, and of course mondayisation. It’s all in here, so have a read and make sure you’re prepared this Christmas.
4. Working out how much annual leave a team member will accrue by Christmas
Everyone wants to know how much leave they’ll have by Christmas. Thankfully, we’ve got a friendly formula for you and your team to use if they’re on standard hours each week. This way you can work out their leave.
For team members on the same standard hours each week (e.g. 37.5 hours)
Here’s a formula to help you work out the amount the employee will accrue between now and Christmas.
[standard work hours] x [number of weeks until Christmas] = [sub-total hours]
[sub-total hours] x 4 = [total hours]
([total hours] ÷ 260) x 5 = [hours of annual leave accrued before Christmas]
For example, with a scenario:
Rachel will accrue 14.4 hours of annual leave by the time she reaches Christmas. She’ll have 60 hours (8 days) of leave available to use over the Christmas and New Year’s period.
Note: Your leave balance in hours/days is an approximation only, it’s the leave balance in weeks that will always add to four weeks for every 12 months of consecutive employment. You can read more about leave in weeks here.
5. Bonuses and paying out leave
Christmas is a common time for businesses to pay out a bonus or cash up annual leave, generally as a lump sum (annual or special bonus). These are considered one off payments and you’ll want to make sure the correct tax is deducted. Most payroll systems should do this automatically for you. If not, here’s a basic guide:
- Work out your employees income bracket (e.g. $48,001 to $70,000) and apply the tax rate for that income bracket to the bonus. To do this:
– Work out what your staff member has earned, before PAYE, over the last 4 weeks.
– Multiply this figure by 13 (or 12 if they are paid monthly).
– Add the bonus (lump sum) amount to the outcome above.
– See what tax bracket this figure sits in (Inland Revenue).
– Deduct the appropriate PAYE amount from the bonus.
- Inland Revenue has detailed information about how to get this right, along with information about PAYE tax brackets and secondary taxes.
Tip: In some payroll software (like ours), you can reduce the Kiwisaver contribution rate for a specific pay, it could include a lump sum payment. The employee may request this one-off change and then revert back, as long as you agree. For example, if the employee is contributing at 8%, they could drop their contribution rate to 3% for this pay period.
It’s also the time of year for employees to request to cash up annual leave, also considered a lump sum payment. You can follow the same process as above.
A maximum of one week (of an employee’s four-week entitlement) can be cashed out every 12-months of continuous employment. Cashing up annual leave needs to be requested by the employee in writing, and agreed by both parties. The employer may say no. Employment NZ has some useful information about cashing up annual leave.
6. Working on a public holiday
To determine how your team should be paid when they work on a Public Holiday, you need to check if they usually work on this particular day.
- If the public holiday is their normal working day, the employee should be paid time and a half for the hours worked plus they are also entitled to earn an alternative public holiday (day in lieu).
- If it’s not their normal work day, the employee is only entitled to be paid time and a half for the hours worked.
- An employee doesn’t need to work a public holiday unless they would normally work on this day and it’s stated in their employment agreement. Employment NZ have put together five employment tips for Christmas where they dive into public holidays and other common questions.
This Christmas, multiple public holidays fall on the weekend. This brings about some payroll complexities which are good to understand.
During the Christmas and New Year’s period of 2020/2021 we have the following statutory public holidays which fall on a weekend:
- Boxing Day (Saturday 26 December)
- And the day after New Year’s Day (Saturday 2 January).
If your employee doesn’t usually work on these days, maybe they work Monday – Friday, then it’s Mondayised. To put it simply:
- Boxing day is observed on Monday 28 December
- The day after New Year’s Day is observed on Monday 4 January.
Let’s put this into a couple of scenarios to help explain what you need to know:
There are also additional rules around ‘normal’ working days. Employment NZ have broken down mondayisation in detail with a range of scenarios to help. They’ve also designed a handy flow chart to help you understand what happens when a public holiday fall on a weekend.
8. When are banks open to process payments?
Payments between banks aren’t processed on public holidays, for example Christmas and Boxing Day. The best way to manage this is to set up payments to go through early and avoid any doubt.
Outgoing and incoming payments:
- For example, outgoing payments that normally happen on a Monday (Boxing Day observed 2020) won’t be processed until the next business day, Tuesday.
- For incoming payments, you may see money coming through to your account earlier as organisations often setup payments to go through earlier during the Christmas period.
9. How can SmartPayroll help?
SmartPayroll are open to support our customers on normal working days throughout the Christmas period. We’re here to help with any issues or questions.
If you’re already using SmartPayroll we’ve put together a handy Christmas Payroll Guide so you can get prepared this Christmas. It covers common Christmas additions to your payroll and how to do this using SmartPayroll. If you or your team have any questions, please get in contact with our friendly support team on 0800 10 10 38 or email email@example.com.
There you have it, the ins and outs of Christmas payroll with our top tips. If you’re interested in signing up to SmartPayroll, please check out what we have to offer here. Everything mentioned in this blog is something our product or awesome support team can help you with.
It’s not always a straight forward situation so we suggest contacting MBIE on 0800 20 90 20 if you’re unsure about anything to do with your team or business during Christmas.
Disclaimer: The content of this article is general in nature and is not intended as a substitute for specific professional advice on any matter and should not be relied upon for that purpose. We expressly disclaim any liability to you or your business in relation to the information contained in this article, and you rely on any information solely at your own risk.